Because the other European powers viewed the prospective dynastic relationship between France and Spain as disturbing the balance of power in Europe, the War of the Spanish Succession ensued shortly after his death.
Charles was born in the Spanish capital, Madrid, the son of Philip IV of Spain and his second wife, Mariana of Austria (also known as Maria Anna).
At the age of twenty-four Thomas was given a post in the household of Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and while there he apparently resolved on a career in the Church, for he took minor orders.
; 6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700) was the last Habsburg ruler of Spain.
When Thomas returned from France, his parents had died.
Obliged to make his way unaided, he obtained an appointment as clerk to the sheriff's court, where he showed great ability.
He documented sieges and maneuvers and was the teacher of Édouard Detaille. From his schooldays he showed a taste for painting, to which some early sketches, dated 1823, bear witness.
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